Updates

Eritrea and Ethiopia-A Joint Declaration of Peace and Friendship

10 July 2018

  1. Eritrea and Ethiopia-A Joint Declaration of Peace and Friendship (English PDF)
  2. ኤርትራን ኢትዮጵያን – ሓባራዊ ኣዋጅ ሰላምን ምሕዝነትን (ትግርኛ PDF)

 

English and Tigrinya Versions below:

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On the occasion of the historic visit of Dr. Abiy Ahmed, the Prime Minister of Ethiopia, to Asmera, during 8-9 July 2018, Eritrea and Ethiopia have signed a Joint Declaration of Peace and Friendship. The Joint Declaration puts an end to the state of war between Ethiopia and Eritrea and commits the two countries to forge close political, social, cultural and security cooperation; resume transport, trade and communication links and diplomatic ties; implement the decision on the boundary; and endeavour to ensure regional peace, development and cooperation. The new relationship has already opened the way for lifting the unjust sanctions against Eritrea and Eritrea’s re-entry into the Inter-Governmental Authority on Development (IGAD).

 

Eri-Platform warmly welcomes the Joint Declaration of Peace and Friendship between Eritrea and Ethiopia. This landmark event brings to a close a particularly ugly and bitter chapter in the history of relations between the two neighbouring countries and fraternal peoples: the politics of senseless war and hostility; the tragedy of mass deportations and population displacements; the malevolence of a ‘lose-lose’ relationship; and the lost opportunity for economic development, social progress and human welfare of the Eritrean and Ethiopian peoples. The end of the state of war, the resolution of the boundary conflict, the normalisation of bilateral relations, and the promise of close political, social, cultural and security cooperation augur well for a durable peace between Eritrea and Ethiopia as well as for the prospects of peace, security, stability and regional cooperation in the Horn of Africa.

 

Peace, security and stability in our region are indivisible. Sustaining durable peace and friendship between Eritrea and Ethiopia would require a new democratic dispensation in Eritrea as well. A relationship of peace and friendship between Eritrea and Ethiopia would pave the way and create a conducive situation for the two peoples and the Eritrean people, in particular, to focus their attention on addressing the serious challenges of governance at home: the speedy implementation of the 1997 ratified Constitution; the immediate and unconditional release of all political detainees and jailed citizens; the restitution of the terms and conditions of national service as per the 1995 Proclamation; the opening up of the political, economic and social space in the country, etc.

 

Indeed, this is an opportune moment for us, the Eritrean people and pro-democracy Eritreans, to unite and work together to own our present and seize our future. Today more than ever, the objective and subjective conditions are ripe to reclaim the fundamental aims of the armed struggle and realise the profound aspirations of the Eritrean people for freedom, democracy, justice and prosperity in an independent sovereign State of Eritrea. We must endeavour to ensure a State of Eritrea founded on the rule of law, built on civic nationalism, and united in diversity. An Eritrea that safeguards the basic rights, the innate dignity and the human security of all its people; an Eritrea that guarantees equal rights, equal freedoms and equal opportunities for all its citizens; and produces justice, tranquillity and prosperity for all its people is within the horizon of possibilities.

 

Eri-Platform reproduces the Joint Declaration of Peace and Friendship between Eritrea and Ethiopia:

 

Joint Declaration of Peace and Friendship between Eritrea and Ethiopia

 

Conscious that the peoples of Ethiopia and Eritrea share close bonds of geography, history, culture, language and religion as well as fundamental common interests;

 

Recognizing that over the past decades, they were denied the opportunity to build a bright future for their peoples on the basis of their common heritage;

 

Determined to close this very costly chapter, which also had a detrimental role in the Horn of Africa, and to make up for lost opportunities and create even bigger golden opportunities for their peoples;

 

The governments of Ethiopia and Eritrea have reached the following joint agreement which reflects the desires and aspirations of their peoples: –

  1. The state of war between Ethiopia and Eritrea has come to an end. A new era of peace and friendship has been opened.
  2. The two governments will endeavour to forge intimate political, economic, social, cultural and security cooperation that serves and advances the vital interests of their peoples;
  3. Transport, trade and communications links between the two countries will resume; diplomatic ties and activities will restart;
  4. The decision on the boundary between the two countries will be implemented.
  5. Both countries will jointly endeavour to ensure regional peace, development and cooperation.

 

Both governments express their gratitude to all friends of Eritrea and Ethiopia and call on them to redouble their solidarity and support.

 

Done in Asmara, July 9, 2018

 

For the State of Eritrea                        For the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia

 

President Isaias Afwerki                     Prime Minister Dr. Abiy Ahmed Ali

 

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(ትግርኛ PDF)

ኤርትራን ኢትዮጵያን – ሓባራዊ ኣዋጅ ሰላምን ምሕዝነትን

 

ብኣጋጣሚ ታሪኻዊ ዑደት ዶር. ዓቢይ ኣሕመድ፡ ቀዳማይ ሚኒስተር ኢትዮጵያ፡ ናብ ኣስመራ  ኣብ 8-9 ሓምለ 2018፡ ኤርትራን ኢትዮጵያን ሓባራዊ ኣዋጅ ሰላምን ምሕዝነትን ፈሪመን። ብመሰረት’ቲ ሓባራዊ ኣዋጅ፡ እቲ ኣብ መንጎ ኢትዮጵያን ኤርትራን ዚጸንሐ ኵነተ ኲናት ኣኸቲሙ፣ ክልቲአን ሃገራት ጥቡቕ ፖለቲካዊ፡ ማሕበራዊ፡ ባህላውን ጸጥታውን ምትሕብባር ንምፍጣር፤ ናይ መጐዓዝያ፡ ንግድን ተለኮሙኒከሽንን ርክባትን ዲፕሎማስያዊ ዝምድናታትን እንደገና ንምጅማር፤ ውሳነ ዶብ ንምትግባር፤ ዞባዊ ሰላም፡ ልምዓትን ምትሕብባርን ንምርግጋጽ ንምጽዓር ተሰማሚዐን። እዚ ሓድሽ ዝምድና ድሮ እቲ ኣብ ልዕሊ ኤርትራ ዚጸንሐ ዘይፍትሓዊ እገዳ ንኪለዓልን ኤርትራ ኣብቲ በይነ-መንግስታዊ በዓል ስልጣን ንልምዓት [Inter-Governmental Authority on Development (IGAD)] ዳግም ንኪትጽምበርን በሪ ከፊቱ ኣሎ።

 

ኤሪ-ፕላትፎርም ንሓባራዊ ኣዋጅ ሰላምን ምሕዝነትን ኤርትራን ኢትዮጵያን መርሓባ ትብል። እዚ ኣገዳሲ ፍጻመ’ዚ ነቲ ኣብ ታሪኽ ዝምድናታት ክልቲአን ጐረባብቲ ሃገራትን ክልቲኦም ኣሕዋት ህዝብታትን ዚተኸስተ ኣመና ክፉእን መሪርን ምዕራፍ መኸተምታ የንብር፡- ነቲ ፖለቲካ ናይ ትርጉም-ኣልቦ ኲናትን ተጻብኦን፤ ነቲ ትራጀዲ ናይ ጃምላዊ ጥርዝያታትን ምዝንባል ህዝብታትን፤ ነቲ ሓሳድነት ናይ ‘ክሰር-ክሰር’ ዝምድና፤ ነቲ ዚተኸስረ ዕድል ናይ ቍጠባዊ ልምዓት፡ ማሕበራዊ ግስጋሰን ሰብኣዊ ድሕንነትን ህዝብታት ኤርትራን ኢትዮጵያን። መኸተምታ ናይቲ ኵነተ ኲናት፣ ምፍታሕ ናይቲ ዶባዊ ግጭት፣ ምምላስ ንቡር ክልተኣዊ ዝምድናታት ኰነ እቲ መብጽዓ ናይ ጥቡቕ ፖለቲካዊ፡ ማሕበራዊ፡ ባህላውን ጸጥታውን ምትሕብባር ንነባር ሰላም ኣብ መንጎ ኤርትራን ኢትዮጵያን ይዅን ንትርኢት ሰላም፡ ጸጥታ፡ ርግኣትን ዞባዊ ምትሕብባርን ኣብ ቀርኒ ኣፍሪቃ ኣዝዩ ጽቡቕ ፋል ኢዩ።

 

ሰላም፡ ጸጥታን ርግኣትን ኣብ ዞባና ዘይመቓቐሉ ኢዮም። ቀጻልነት ነባሪ ሰላምን ምሕዝነትን ኣብ መንጎ ኤርትራን ኢትዮጵያን ኣብ ኤርትራ እውን ሓዲሽ ደሞክራስያዊ ኣከያይዳ ዚጠልብ ኢዩ። ዝምድና ሰላምን ምሕዝነትን ኣብ መንጎ ኤርትራን ኢትዮጵያን ኣቓልቦ ክልቲኦም ህዝብታታ፡ ብፍላይ ድማ ህዝቢ ኤርትራ፡ ነቶም ዕቱባት ብድሆታት ዘቤታዊ ምሕደራ ናብ ምፍታሕ ንከድህብ መንገዲ ዚጸርግን ምቹእ ኵነታት ዚፈጥርን ኢዩ፡- ቅልጡፍ ትግባረ ናይቲ ኣብ 1997 ዚጸደቐ ቅዋም፤ ቅጽበታውን ዘይኵነትዋን ምፍታሕ ኵሎም ፖለቲካዊ እሱራትን ሕቡሳት ዜጋታትን፤ ሕጋዊ ኣፈጻጽማ ሃገራዊ ኣገልግሎት ብመሰረት ኣዋጅ 1995፤ ምርሓው ፖለቲካዊ፡ ቍጠባውን ማሕበራውን መዳይ ናይታ ሃገር፤ ወዘተ.።

 

ርግጽ፡ ሎሚ ንዓና ንህዝቢ ኤርትራን ፕሮ-ደሞክራስያውያን ኤርትራውያንን፡ ሰሚርና ብሓባር ህሉውና ክንውንን መጻኢና ክንምንዝዕን እዚ ምቹእ ህሞት ኢዩ። ኣብዛ ናጻ ልኡላዊት ሃገረ ኤርትራ መሰረታዊ ዕላማታት ብረታዊ ቃልስና ንምሕዳስን ዓሚቝ ሃረርታ ህዝቢ ኤርትራ ንሓርነት፡ ደሞክራሲ፡ ፍትሕን ራህዋን ክዉን ንምግባርን ሎሚ ዝያዳ ዚዀነ እዋን ውድዓውን ባዕላውን ኵነታት በሲሎም ኣለዉ። ኣብ ግዝኣተ ሕጊ ዚተመስረተት፣ ብዜግነታዊ ሃገራውነት ዚተነድቀት፣ ሓድነት ኣብ ብዙሕነት እተንጸባርቕ ሃገረ ኤርትራ ንምርግጋጽ ንጽዓር። መሰረታዊ መሰላት፡ ባህርያዊ ክብርን ሰብኣዊ ድሕነትን ናይ መላእ ህዝባ እትሕሉ ኤርትራ፣ ማዕረ መሰል፡ ማዕረ ናጽነታት፡ ማዕረ ዕድላት ናይ ኵሎም ዜጋታታ እተውሕስ ኤርትራ፣ ፍትሒ፡ ቅሳነትን ራህዋን ንመላእ ህዝባ እተስፍን ኤርትራ ኣብ ደረት ትርኢት ተኽእሎታት ትርከብ።      

 

ስዒቡ፡ ኤሪ-ፕላትፎርም ነቲ ሓባራዊ ኣዋጅ ሰላምን ምሕዝነትን ኤርትራን ኢትዮጵያን ናብ ትግሪኛ ተርጒማ ተቕርብ።

 

ሓባራዊ ኣዋጅ ሰላምን ምሕዝነትን ኤርትራን ኢትዮጵያን

 

ህዝብታት ኢትዮጵያን ኤርትራን ብጀኦግራፍ፡ ታሪኽ፡ ባህሊ፡ ቋንቋ፡ ሃይማኖት ዚተጠምሩ፣ መሰረታዊ ሓባራዊ ረብሓታት ዘለዎም ህዝብታት ከም ዚዀኑ ብምግንዛብ፤

 

ኣብዚ ዚሓለፈ ዓሰርተታት ዓመታት ኣብዚ ሓባራዊ ውርሻ ዚተመስረተ፣ ብሩህ መጻኢ ንምህናጽ እቲ ዚነበሮም ዕድላት ከም ዚተነፍጎም ብምእማን፤

 

ነቲ ከቢድ ዋጋ ዘኽፈለን ኣብ ቀርኒ ኣፍሪቃ’ውን ሃሳዪ ተራ ዚነበሮን ምዕራፍ ዓጽዮም፣ ነቲ ዚኸሰሩዎ ዕድላት ከምልሱን ካብኡ ዚዓበየ ወርቃዊ ዕድላት ኪፈጥሩን ቈሪጾም ተበጊሶም ከም ዘለዉ መሰረት ብምግባር፤

 

መንግስቲ ኤርትራን መንግስቲ ኢትዮጵያን ኣብዚ ዚስዕብ ድሌታትን ሃንቀውታን ህዝብታቶም ዘንጸባርቕ ሓባራዊ ስምምዕ በጺሖም ኣለዉ።

 

  1. ኣብ መንጎ ኤርትራን ኢትዮጵያን ዚጸንሐ ኵነተ ኲናት ኣኽቲሙ ኣሎ። ሓድሽ መዋእል ሰላምን ምሕዝነትን ተረሕዩ ኣሎ። 
  2. ክልቲኦም መንግስቲታት ህያው ረብሓታት ህዝብታቶም ንዘገልግልን ዘሳጕምን ጥቡቕ ፖለቲካዊ፡ ቍጠባዊ፡ ማሕበራዊ፡ባህላዊ፡ ጸጥታዊ ምትሕብባር ኪሰርሑ ኢዮም።
  3. ኣብ መንጎ ክልቲአን ሃገራት ናይ መጐዓዝያን ንግድን ተለኮሙኒከሽንን ርክብ እንደገና ኪጅመር፣ ዲፕሎማስያዊ ህላወን ንጥፈታትን ኪሕደስ ኢዩ። 
  4. እቲ ውሳነ ዶብ ኣብ መንጎ ክልቲአን ሃገራት ኪትግበር ኢዩ።
  5. ክልቲአን ሃገራት ዞባዊ ሰላምን ልምዓትን ምትሕብባርን ንምውሓስ ብሓባር ኪሰርሓ ኢየን።

 

ክልቲኦም መንግስቲታት ንዅሎም ኣዕሩኽ ኤርትራን ኢትዮጵያን ምስጋንኦም እናቕረቡ፣ ኣብዚ ታሪኻዊ ህሞት ምሕዝነቶምን ደገፎምን ከሐይሉ ይጽውዑ።

 

ኣብ ኣስመራ፡ ብ9 ሓምለ 2018 ተፈጸመ

 

ኣብ ክንዲ ሃገረ ኤርትራ                         ኣብ ክንዲ ፈደራላዊት ደሞክራስያዊት ኢትዮጵያ

ፕረዚደንት ኢሳያስ ኣፈወርቂ                ቀዳማይ ሚኒስተር ዶር ዓቢይ ኣሕመድ ዓሊ

 

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For more information about the Eritrea-Ethiopia Border Dispute, please see the links below:

BBC Focus On Africa: Eritrea Meeting in Ethiopia

Commentary – The Case for Lifting the Sanctions on Eritrea

VOA Tigrigna: ቃለ መጠይቕ ምስ አምባሳደር ዓንደብርሃን ወ/ጊዮርጊስ

Missing Facts in the Eritrea-Ethiopia Border Debate

The Securitisation of Eritrea: Holding a Nation Hostage!

Commentary: Securing the Peace between Eritrea and Ethiopia

ዚጐደለ ሓቅታት ኣብ ክትዕ ዶብ ኤርትራን ኢትዮጵያን

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